Set vs Hours, Seth vs Cain

Central names of two creation stories of these religions of neighboring states. As Genesis tells the story, Seth which means “set in place of” Cain, is the replacement of Able. When Seth was 105 years old, his son Enosh was born and from him comes what is sometimes called “the godly line of Seth” that leads to Abraham.

Egyptian theology gives us Set as the usurper who killed and mutilated his own brother Osiris. Isis rebuilds Osiris to give birth to Horus. Set, what is Evil is then in a continuous battle with Horus.

One aspect of this website/book considers the Egyptian creation story and compares this to the formulation of Genesis and Exodus. If the line of  Abraham comes from Set, the Egyptians would make the comparison to Set. Horus would have been victorious in this battle by placing the people of Set/Seth in Canaan as the unknowing defenders of the Egyptian homeland.


From... "

But somewhere along the line the view of Set changed. He became a god of evil, in eternal conflict with the gods of light, and especially with Horus, the son of Osiris. Set became identified with his former enemy, the serpent Apep. By the XXVI Dynasty, Set was the major antagonist and embodiment of evil to the Egyptians. Why this change came about is unknown, but it is thought that some time after the unification of Egypt, the religion of Set fell into disfavor with the state religion, the worship of Ra and Osiris. It may be that there was open rebellion against the pharaoh Narmer (Menes) who unified Egypt under his rule, the rebellion failed and their beliefs were effectively quashed. Victors are known to rewrite history, it may be that they also rewrote the religion. It is an interesting idea to think that the struggle for the control of Egypt might have found its way into their core beliefs."

Adam had relations with his wife again; and she gave birth to a son, and named him Seth, for, she said, "God has appointed me another offspring in place of Abel, for Cain killed him." (Genesis 4:25)