Boethius, Consolation of Philosophy

Boethius writes the book as a conversation between himself and Lady Philosophy. She consoles Boethius by discussing the transitory nature of fame and wealth ("no man can ever truly be secure until he has been forsaken by Fortune"), and the ultimate superiority of things of the mind, which she calls the "one true good". She contends that happiness comes from within, and that one's virtue is all that one truly has, because it is not imperilled by the vicissitudes of fortune.

Justice is the art of convincing people to obey the rules that benefit the rulers

John Searle on Ludwig Wittgenstein

Video Lecture 



Wittgenstein, BBC

Wittgenstein's advice , Get a job at a large department store and interact with people 

What is the use of studying philosophy if all that it does for you is to enable you to talk with some plausability about some obstruce question of logic etc. and if it does not improve your thinking about the important questions of everyday life it is if possibel still even more difficult to think really honestly about your life and other peoples lives.

God grant the philosopher insite what lies in front of everyones eyes.

Kant’s Concept of Radical Evil

In Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone, Kant discusses the concept of radical evil. The German word “radikal” derives from the Latin word “rādīx,” which means “root” (“Wurzel”), “origin” (“Ursprung”), and “source” (“Quelle”). Therefore, when Kant explains the nature of radical evil, he also tries to enquire into “the origin of moral evil”. Kant observes that “the source of evil . . . can lie only in a rule made by the will for the use of its freedom, that is, in a maxim”. In Critique of Practical Reason, Kant makes a similar statement which echoes this observation. He writes that “the concept of good and evil must not be determined before the moral law . . . but only . . . after it and by means of it” . Therefore, in order to grasp the concept of evil, one has to understand the struggle in “a pathologically affected” human will, namely, the “conflict of maxims with the practical laws cognized by himself”

Evil Schopenhauer - text - On the Sufferings of the World.

Unless suffering is the direct and immediate object of life, our existence must entirely fail of its aim. It is absurd to look upon the enormous amount of pain that abounds everywhere in the world, and originates in needs and necessities inseparable from life itself, as serving no purpose at all and the result of mere chance. Each separate misfortune, as it comes, seems, no doubt, to be something exceptional; but misfortune in general is the rule.

Studies In Comparative Philosophy

If Hegel is the philosopher of the Intellect, Schopenhauer is the philosopher of the Will. He takes his start from Kant's Critique of Pure Reason and holds that the thing-in-itself which for Kant was an unknowable noumenon is knowable directly in one's own self as volitional activity. The Will is the thing-in-itself. 


Is God willing to prevent evil, but not able, then he is not omnipotent

It is man who must end evil and can be done only through Christ. Since so few believe, ergo evil.   

Is he able but not willing? Then he is manevolent. 

Only man causes evil.  Since all good comes through God, a storm that kills many is not an evil thing, you may not like it but to eternity it is of no consequence. Your eternal soul on the other hand has consequense.

Harvard Lecture

Self knowledge is like lost innocece

Philosophy is a debilitation

estranges us by confromtimg us with what we allready know.  There is an irony the difficulty of this course consists in the fact that it teaches what you allready know it works by talking what we know of familiar unquestioned settings, and making it strange.  Philosophy estranges us from the familiar not by supplying new information but by inviting and provoking a new way of seeing but and here is the risk.once the familar turns strange its never quite the same again

The Corporate Psychopaths Theory of the Global Financial Crisis


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